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Asphaltic Concrete Paving

Asphaltic Concrete Paving

Section 02511



A. Contractor shall provide all materials, labor, tools, equipment, fees, permits, transportation and other items required to furnish and install asphaltic concrete paving as indicated or as required to accomplish Work of other sections of these specifications. Asphaltic concrete paving Work shall include, but not be necessarily limited to the following:.

     1. Proof roll base course to reveal soft and yielding spots.

     2. Place and compact asphaltic concrete paving.

     3. Pavement Markings.

     4. Protection of newly placed pavement.


A. Section 01500 - Construction Facilities and Temporary Controls:

     1. For traffic regulation and barricades.

B. Section 02230 - Base Course


A. The applicable provisions of the latest editions of the References listed below shall govern the Work covered under this Section, unless there is a conflict between said References and the requirements of this Section. In the case of such a conflict, the requirements of this Section shall apply.

B. Utah Occupational Safety and Health Division (UOSHD).

C. American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO):

D. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)

E. State of Utah Standard Specifications for Road and Bridge Construction (UDOT)

F. The Asphalt Institute (AI)

G. Midvale City Corporation Standard Construction Details


A. Submittals shall include, but not necessarily be limited to the following:

     1. An asphaltic concrete paving mix design prepared by certified laboratory and materials certificates signed by material producer and Contractor, certifying that each material item complies with, or exceeds, specified requirements and shall be submitted for review and approval at least two weeks prior to commencement of the work.

     2. Written certification of compliance for pavement marking paint.


A. Do not place asphaltic concrete paving when the air temperature in the shade and/or the roadbed temperature is below 50 F, or during rain, when the base course surface is wet, or during other adverse weather conditions.

B. Do not place tack coat when air temperature in the shade and the roadbed temperature are below 50F, or during rain, fog, or other adverse weather conditions.

C. All work shall be performed by experienced and qualified workmen with equipment standard in the industry.

D. Approval by Engineer of sources of supply of materials shall be obtained prior to delivery of materials.

E. Comply with federal, state and/or local codes and regulations.


A. Contractor shall be responsible for proper storage of all equipment and materials to be provided as part of this specification in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations and shall be responsible for security and proper handling of such equipment and materials at the project site.

B. Any materials lost, stolen, or damaged prior to Owner's final acceptance are to be replaced or repaired to the Owner's satisfaction by the Contractor at no additional cost to the Owner.


Not Used



A. Materials suppliers shall provide, upon request, verification of a consistent record of meeting or exceeding materials or performance standards as specified herein.


A. Asphaltic cement:

     1. Viscosity Graded original, AC 10, conforming to requirements of ASTM D 3381 (AASHTO M 226, Table 2), and Section 704.03 State of Utah Standard Specifications for Road and Bridge Construction.

     2. Shall not foam when heated to 350 F.

B. Mineral aggregate:

     1. Shall consist of crushed stone, crushed gravel, or crushed slag, or a combination thereof; free of clay, silt, organic matter or other deleterious materials.

     2. Gradation shall be in accordance with the following:

          a. Asphaltic concrete surface course:

               Sieve Size Percent Passing
               by Weight

               1/2" 100
               #4 55 - 85
               #16 24 - 38
               #50 9 - 21
               #200 4 - 8

          b. Asphaltic concrete base course:

               Sieve Size Percent Passing
               by Weight

               3/4" 100
               3/8" 75 - 91
               #4 60 80
               #16 28 48
               #50 11 23
               #200 5 9

     3. Course aggregate, retained on the No. 4 sieve shall consist of clean, hard, rough, durable and sound fragments, with not less than 50 percent of particles by weight with at least one mechanically fractured face or clean angular face.

     4. Fine aggregate passing the No. 4 sieve may be either a natural or manufactured product. The aggregate shall be clean, hard grained and moderately sharp, and shall contain not more than 2 percent by weight of vegetable matter or other deleterious substances.

     5. That portion of the fine aggregate passing the No. 40 sieve shall be nonplastic when tested in accordance with ASTM D 424.

     6. The weight of minus 200 mesh material retained in the aggregate, as determined by the difference in percent passing a No. 200 sieve by washing and dry sieving without washing, shall not exceed 6 percent of the total sample weight. That portion of fine aggregate passing the No. 200 sieve shall be determined by washing with water in accordance with ASTM C 117.

     7. The aggregate shall be of uniform density and quality and shall have a rodded weight of not less than 100 pounds per cubic foot when tested in accordance with ASTM C 29.

     8. The aggregate shall have a percentage of wear not exceeding forty when tested in accordance with ASTM C 131 and C 535.

     9. The aggregate shall have a weighted loss not exceeding 12 percent by weight when subject to five cycles of sodium sulfate and tested in accordance with ASTM C 88, D 1073, and D 692.


A. Combine mineral constituents and asphalt cement in proportions per mix design at a central plant to produce an asphaltic concrete pavement mix.

B. Mix design shall be based on the Marshall Method. The combined mineral aggregate plus any approved additives when mixed with the asphaltic cement in accordance with ASTM D 1559 shall conform to the following requirements:

     1. Marshall Stability: 1200 pounds minimum

     2. Flow (0.01 inch): 10 18

     3. Voids Content: 1.5% to 3%

     4. Asphaltic Cement Content: 5% to 6% by weight

C. The asphaltic cement shall be heated at the mixing plant to a temperature at which it can be applied uniformly to the aggregate.

D. Coarse and fine aggregate shall be stored separately at the mixing plant in a manner that will prevent intermingling.

E. When it is necessary to blend aggregates from one or more sources to produce the combined gradation, each source or size of aggregate shall be stockpiled individually. Aggregate from the individual stockpiles shall be fed through separate bins to the cold elevator feeders. They shall not be blended in the stockpile.

F. Cold aggregates shall be fed carefully to the plant so that surpluses and shortages will not occur and cause breaks in the continuous operation.

G. The aggregate shall be dried and heated to provide a paving mixture temperature in conformance with placing conditions, but not to exceed 163 C (325 F).

H. The heated and dried aggregates shall not contain enough moisture to cause the mixture to slump, the asphalt to foam, or the aggregate to segregate during hauling and placing.

I. The shortest mixing time consistent with satisfactory coating of the aggregate shall be used. The mineral aggregate shall be considered satisfactorily coated with asphaltic cement when all of the particles passing the No. 4 sieve and 96 percent of the particles retained on the No. 4 sieve are coated with asphaltic cement. The required mixing time, as determined above, shall be in accordance with ASTM D 2489.

J. If a dryer drum mixing process is used, the mineral aggregate shall be considered satisfactorily coated with asphaltic cement when all of the particles passing the No. 4 sieve and 98 percent of the particles retained on the No. 4 sieve are coated with asphaltic cement. The moisture content of the asphaltic cement sampled behind the laydown machine prior to compaction shall not exceed 1 percent by weight.


A. Cut back asphalt RC or MC 70 or 250.


A. Alkyd resin, white in color (No. 780), factory mixed, quick drying, and non bleeding, complying with Section 713.07 of the Utah State Department of Transportation Standard Specification for Road and Bridge Construction.



A. Coordinate layout and installation of paving materials with other construction elements to ensure adequate headroom, working clearance, and access.

B. Examine surfaces to receive asphaltic concrete paving for compliance with installation tolerances and other conditions affecting performance of the pavement system. Do not proceed with installation until unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected.


A. Preparation

     1. Proof roll base course surface. Replace wet, spongy, soft, uncompactable or other unsuitable material with new base course material at no additional cost. Finish and compact repaired area as specified in Section 02230 Base Course.

     2. Ensure base course surface is to required elevation. Remove loose material from base course surface.

     3. Do not place prime coat or asphaltic concrete paving until base course installation has been approved by the Construction Manager.

B. Transporting the Asphaltic Concrete Pavement

     1. Transport time from the mixing plant to the job site shall not exceed 1 hour.

     2. The hauling truck shall have no direct frame contact with the paver or bear down on the paver during dumping operations.


A. Tack Coat

     1. Prior to placing pavement, a tack coat shall be applied to the vertical edges of concrete and "cold" pavement (over 1/2 hour old) which will be in contact with new pavement. Tack coat shall extend 12 inches onto adjacent base course material. The tack coat shall be carefully applied at a rate of 0.15 gal/SY. Tack coat shall also be applied uniformly at the same rate to the horizontal top surface of each lift of bituminous pavement prior to placing the next lift of bituminous pavement to promote a bond between the two courses of pavement. None of the material shall penetrate into the pavement and for this reason the application should be limited.

     2. Prior to applying the material, the surface to be treated shall be swept or flushed free of dust or other foreign material.

     3. Protect all surfaces not required to receive tack coat from any inadvertent application.

     4. The temperature range of the tack coat at the time of application shall be such that the viscosity will be between 50 and 100 centistokes as determined in accordance with ASTM Designation D-2170.

     5. Under no circumstances shall traffic be permitted to travel over the tacked surface. If detours cannot be provided, restrict operation to a width that will permit at least one-way traffic over the remaining portion of the roadbed. If one-way traffic is provided, the traffic shall be controlled in accordance with governing authority.

     6. After application of tack coat, sufficient time shall be given to allow for complete separation of asphalt and water before paving operations begin. The tack coat shall be applied on only as many surfaces as will be paved against in the same day.

B Placement of Asphaltic Concrete Pavement

     1. Place asphalt pavement to provide a compacted depth as indicated on the plans. Placing the pavement shall be a continuous operation. The machine shall spread mixture and shall strike a finish that is smooth, true to cross section, uniform in density and texture, and free from hollows and other irregularities. If any irregularities occur, they shall be corrected before final compaction of the mixture. The paving machine shall be self-propelled, equipped with hoppers, distributing screws, adjustable screeds and equalizing devices, capable of spreading hot asphaltic concrete paving mixtures without tearing, shoving or gouging, and of producing a finished surface of specified quality. Place inaccessible and small areas by hand.

     2. Ensure asphalt pavement temperature is between 150 and 300 centistokes as determined with ASTM D 2170 when mixing with a pugmill, or between 220 F and 260 F when using the dryer drum mixing process, immediately after placing and prior to initial rolling.

     3. Ensure joints made during paving operations are straight, clean, vertical and free of broken or loose material. Carefully make joints to insure a continuous bond between old and new pavement, or between successive day's work. A continuous bond between adjoining work is required.

     4. If more than 1/2 hour elapses between adjacent paving passes, the "cold joint" shall have tack coat applied to the "cold" pavement prior to placing the adjacent pass.

C. Compaction

     1. Roll and compact to specified density before temperature of the mixture drops below 180 F.

     2. Compact asphalt paving course to required density, with a steelwheeled tandem roller, steel three wheeled roller, vibratory roller, or a pneumatic tired roller, weighing not less than five tons. Start compaction as soon as pavement will bear equipment without checking or undue displacement. Speed of roller shall be slow enough to avoid displacement of hot mixture, and any displacements occurring as a result of changing the direction of the roller, or from any other cause, shall at once be corrected by the use of rakes and of fresh mixture where required. Ensure each pass of roller overlaps previous passes by at least 1/2 of the roller width to ensure smooth surface free of roller marks. Keep roller wheels sufficiently moist so as not to pick up material. Rolling shall continue until roller marks are eliminated and no further compression is possible. The finished compacted pavement shall have a density of 93% minimum, no test less than 93% of the density determined in accordance with ASTM D-2041.

     3. Leave pavement with a uniform, dense surface.

     4. Perform hand tamping in areas not accessible to rolling equipment. Thorough compaction must be achieved, and joints between curbs, headers, manholes and similar structures must be effectively sealed.

     5. Do not allow vehicular traffic on newly paved areas until surface has cooled to atmospheric temperature.

D. Pavement Marking

     1. Unless otherwise directed by Construction Manager, the painting of parking stripes shall be commenced not earlier than 15 days after completion of the asphaltic concrete paving.

     2. Prior to painting, broom or sweep the surface to remove dirt, loose stones or other foreign material. Solvent material that will damage pavement shall not be used as cleaning agents.


A. Provide barricades and restrict access as appropriate to prevent damage to Work in place.

B. Contractor shall be responsible for protection of Work in place against displacement, damage, or loss until Owner's acceptance. Any work and subsequently damaged, lost or displaced shall be repaired or replaced to the Owner's satisfaction at no additional cost to Owner.


A. Testing shall be performed by the Owner. Contractor shall coordinate with Owner as required to facilitate sampling and testing. Contractor shall not cover Work in place prior to testing without approval of the Owner.


A. Thoroughly clean, rake, wash, flush or sweep as required to clean adjacent improvements of materials covered as part of this Work prior to submitting for Owner's acceptance.

B. Contractor shall provide all labor, equipment, materials and other items as required to perform clean up as required by the Owner, adjacent property owners and other jurisdictions.

C. Finish grading of areas affected by this Work shall be required as part of clean up.

D. The roadway including shoulders, slopes, ditches, and borrow pits shall be smoothly trimmed, and shaped by machinery, or other satisfactory methods, to the lines, grades and cross-sections, as established, and shall be so maintained until accepted. Any surplus material not suitable for spreading along the road to widen the existing shoulder or raise the grade shall be disposed of as specified above.